Indonesia has more culture and ethnics over there. It is archipelago country and more different people live. Different place from each province has different culture. There are traditional food, dance, song, musical instruments, etc. Now I introduce you about traditional food from my hometown, Padang, West Sumatera.
West Sumatera is one of province in west of Indonesia and Padang is capital city of West Sumatera. I live in Padang, but my parents hometown is Bukittinggi, it is about 2- 3 hours from Padang. This province has more culture and so beautiful place. Padang is near from the beach because its border is Hindia Ocean at west side, and the air temperature is hot. But in my parents hometown, Bukittinggi is so cold because it is placed in the highlands and hills. And, the important thing in west Sumatera is more tourist place and beautiful view here.
The ethnics from this province is called Minangkabau. Minang people are well known as good merchant, almost all of them migrated live other province to be great people and some of them will back after they success. Minang people, men and women are good at cooking. More traditional food are famous even its are famous to other country. Generally, food from Minangkabau has a spicy flavour, a lot of seasoning and spicy coconut milk and its so delicious taste. So that why all people suggest that Padang food is favourite in Indonesia.
Now I introduce you to know my traditional food, it is called as rendang, do you know rendang? Have you heard rendang before? It is native of traditional food from Minangkabau. Rendang is a spicy meat dish. It takes hours to cook and slow cooking and so is time-consuming and requires patience. It is served at ceremonial occasions and to honour guests. Rendang is also commonly served among the Malay community in Malaysia and is also popular in Singapore, Brunei, the southern Philippines and Thailand and also Dutch.
In 2011, rendang is ranked first in the list of World’s 50 Most Delicious Foods (50 yummiest dishes World) held by CNN International. The certainly, we are proud about this. This is great food and last time, Malaysia claimed rendang is their native traditional food. Its look like before they claimed Batik, Rasa Sayange song and Reyog Ponorogo of Indonesia culture as their native culture. But every’s people know the truth, rendang is native traditional food from Indonesia.
The history of rendang, it was written records from the early 16th century Hikayat Amir Hamzah, the making of rendang spreads from Minangkabau region to Mandailing, Riau, Jambi across the straight to Malacca and Negeri Sembilan resulting in a variety of rendang traditional. Andalas University historian, Prof. Gusti Asnan suggests that rendang began to spread across the region when Minangkabau merchants and migrant workers began to trade and migrate to Malacca in the 16th century. And, its needed long journey through the river waterways in Sumatera, so a durable preserved dry rendang is suitable. It is good consume for weeks, even when left at room temperature. And, last time, I always brought dried rendang when I studied and worked in other province, Jakarta.
Rendang taste is so delicious, and culinary experts often describe rendang as “West Sumatran caramelized beef curry”. In Minangkabau tradition, rendang is a requisite dish for special occasions in traditional Minang ceremonies, from birth ceremonies to circumcision, marriage, Qur’an recites and religious Islam festivals such as Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha.
Rendang is revered in Minangkabau culture as an embodiment of the philosophy of musyawarah (conference/c0lloquy) and consultation with elders. It has been claimed that the four main ingredients represent Minangkabau society as a whole :
- The meat symbolizes the Niniak Mamak, the traditional clan leaders, such as the datuk, the nobles, royalty and revered elders.
- The coconut milk symbolizes the Cadiak Pandai, intellectuals, teachers, poets and writers.
- The chilli symbolizes the Alim Ulama, clerics, ulama and Islam religious leaders. The hotness of the chili symbolizes sharia.
- The spice mixture (seasoning) symbolizes the rest of Minangkabau society.
And now, you can find a variety of rendang, such as beef rendang, chicken rendang, duck rendang, liver rendang, egg rendang, pulmonary rendang and tuna rendang. The fact about rendang :
- It can last up to three months without heated again, without changing the taste.
- It is ranked first 50 delicious food, CNN International, September 2011.
- Last time, it served to a king and the nobility.
- It needs more coconut milk (about more than five old coconut fruit for one kg meat) and it needs eight hours to cook. It only can cook in special condition such as firewood and not stove.
- It has been famous in other country and also Padang Restaurant Food.
I am proud of my country..