BATIK INDONESIA


Do you know batik? It is an Indonesian wealth that was a long-running rivalry with Malaysia in 2009. Finally, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) had decided to recognize Indonesian batik as one of the world’s important cultural traditions.

The word batik is Javanese of origin. It comes from word “amba” mean to write and “titik” mean dot. Batik history of Indonesia has been known since Majapahit Kingdom and spread of Islam region in Java. The art of batik is made by drawing designs on fabric using dots and lines of hot wax. The tool’s name of making batik motive is “canting” for smooth motive and brush for large motive. And, therefore, allows the artisan to color selectively by soaking the cloth in one color, removing the wax with boiling water and repeating if multiple colors are desired. The motive of batik has symbolic meanings which are used in specific ceremonies. It’s mean comes from the past of religion animism, dynamism, Hindus and Budhist.

First time, the art of batik was only in Keraton area (palace area) and finally spread outside the palace in Java (ordinary people, rabble). And, it would be woman handmade to fill their time at home. The coloring materials used is composed of Indonesian plants and it is homemade among others of  noni tree, tinggi plant, Soga, indigo, and materials made ​​from soda and salts made ​​from mud.

Base on technique to drawing motive of batik, there are divided by three kinds of batik : batik tulis, batik cap and batik lukis. Batik tulis is drawing motive with hand, batik cap is drawing by using “cap” (usually made from copper) and batik lukis is painting directly on white fabric.

Batik Cap

Batik Cap

Batik Tulis

Batik Tulis

Batik Lukis

Batik Lukis

In 1873, Indonesia still colonized by Dutch, a Dutch merchant got batik while visited Indonesia, and he gave it to Ethnich Musseum at Rotterdam. And, since 1900, Batik has been famous and it was on display at Exposition Universelle in Paris.

Last time batik was used by old people only because at that time not fashionable. Nowadays batik is the most famous using by all ages. And, every October 2nd, it is appointed as National Batik days. UNESCO has appointed October 2nd is as an International Batik Days and it has been written in their site. They said batik has many symbolics meaning related with social status, local culture, nature and history. And, batik is valued as identity of Indonesia. And, nowadays batik has been famous in International fashion as well.

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“I love my country”

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SPECIAL CAPITAL REGION OF JAKARTA


Jakarta is capital city of Indonesia that place in northwest of Java Island. It is well known as special capital region because Jakarta is the only city in Indonesia that have provincial-level status. In International, Jakarta is well known as J-Town or the New York city of Indonesia. Jakarta has about 28 million citizens and the biggest metropolitan in southeast Asia. Jakarta is one of the most populous Urban Agglomerations in the world. Here is central of economic, culture, and politics. The Jakarta changed its name about five times. In 1927, Jakarta’s name was Sunda Kelapa, then it changed become Jayakarta in 1527-1619, then it changed become Batavia/Batauia or Jaccatra in 1619-1942. And, then Djakarta in 1942-1972.

Jakarta is metropolitan city. The metropolitan area known as Jabodetabek, it is combining the initial syllables of Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi. Base on survey by Brooking Institute in 2011 growth of economic of Jakarta ranked 17th among the world’s 200 largest cities, a jump from its  2007 ranking of 171. Jakarta has grown more rapidly than Kuala Lumpur, Beijing and Bangkok. (see this).

The native city of Jakarta is Betawi ethnic because Jakarta city development since 1970, people from other province came to Jakarta and Betawi ethnic  is evicted to the suburb area. In 2000, the city’s population was 35,16% Javanese, 27,65% Betawi, 15,27% Sundanese and 5,53% Chinese and from other province.

Jakarta is the seat of the ASEAN Secretariat and it is served by the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Halim Perdana Kusuma International Airport and Tanjung Priok Harbour, it is connected by several intercity and commuter railway and served by several bus lines running on reserved bus-ways.

Stadtansicht von Jakarta / Indonesien

And if you come to Jakarta, you can find more wonderful tourist place here. Because of more people from other province come to Jakarta for many reasons, some of culture has been mixed with other, even western culture are here. Here is central government company and the most foreign company as well. More people from other province come to Jakarta to find job, study and live here. And, it makes Jakarta be crowded and more traffic jam.

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